Human Trafficking (IVY)

Domestic Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking is not only an international issue, it is occurring within our own community. We are NO exception.

Definition of Human Trafficking

Trafficking In Persons - Section 279.01 (1) C.C.

Every person who recruits, transports, transfers, receives, holds, conceals or harbours a person, or exercises control, direction or influence over the movements of a person, for the purpose of exploiting them or facilitating their exploitation is guilty of an indictable offence and liable.

(a) to imprisonment for life if they kidnap, commit an aggravated assault or aggravated sexual assault against, or cause death to, the victim during the commission of the offence, or

(b) Imprisonment for a term of not more than fourteen years in any other case.

(2) Consent - No consent to the activity that forms the subject-matter of a charge under subsection (1) is valid.


Peel Regional Police have dealt with two types of human trafficking:

  • Labour
  • Prostitution (also known as "The Game")

Prostitution is a growing concern within our community.  The average age of people being involved in prostitution is between the ages of 13 to 21.  The Game is about making money from prostitution. It does not happen overnight as the trafficker will use the "grooming stage".

A trafficker can be males or females known as "Madams" or "Pimps". 


A trafficker will often use two methods of exploiting a young person:

  • Violence (Known as the Gorilla Pimp)
  • Grooming (Known as the Finesse Pimp)


Grooming Stage:

The trafficker will build trust with the young person. The trafficker will shower the person with compliments, buy them things such as jewelry, clothing and tell him/her they "love them" in a very short period of time. The trafficker pretends to be their friend, boyfriend or girlfriend. This is part of the recruitment for prostitution. 



This can happen to anyone.  Recruiting can occur at parties, shopping malls, clubs, bus stops, airports, train stations, social media, schools, youth centres and shelters. It is important to know and recognize signs of "grooming".

Once a trafficker recruits a person into prostitution, the trafficker will begin the "isolation stage". The trafficker will isolate the person from their family and friends.  To control the person the trafficker will:

  • limit the contact the person has with their family and friends
  • listen to their phone calls, and read their text messages
  • remove the person from social media.

The trafficker will want to "own" the person. The trafficker will escalate to violence to keep the control of him/her.


Possible Signs of a person at risk

  -Isolation from family and friends                        -Become secretive 

  -Mood swings (Change in attitude)                     - New circle of friends

  -More than 1 cell phone                                      - Change in style of dress

  -Comes home later than usual                            - Binge eating

  -Possession of hotel room keys                          - Carries condoms or sexual aids

  -New tattoos (known as branding)                      - Unexplained bruises/cuts

  -Stockholm Syndrome - protective of the new "boyfriend" or "girlfriend"

 -Possession of expensive items with no known source of income


**Disclosure: Possible signs mentioned above are indicators to watch for but does not confirm the person is involved in prostitution**


Tips for Parents

- Monitor social media and internet use

- Stay current with apps and social sites their child is using

- Have conversations with your child about school

- Know your child's friends (not nicknames only)

- Know where your child is

 -Talk to your child about strangers

- Educate your child on healthy relationships


Peel Contact Numbers and Outreach Support

Please call 911 in emergency situations

 Peel Police logo imageRCMP logo imageVictims Services of Peel logo imageChrysalis Anti-Human Trafficking network imageTrillium Health Partners logo image211 Toronto Logo imageCanadian Mental Health Association logo imageSafe Centre of Peel logo imageElizabeth Fry Society Peel-Halton logo imagePeel Crime Stoppers logo imageHope 24/7 logo image


If you are interested in a group presentation (minimum of 20 people) please contact Drug Education officer at 905-453-3311 ext. 3569.