Drug Education

Drugs have been present throughout our history and still remain in our society today. Many drugs come from plants, while other drugs can be made in chemical laboratories.

What is a Drug?

Drugs is anything ingested or absorbed, other than food, which effects the way a person's body or mind functions.

Three Main Categories of Drugs

1. Stimulants - Drugs that excite or speeds up functions of the central nervous system.

Examples of stimulants: caffeine, cocaine, ecstasy.

Short Term Effects of Stimulants - Loss of appetite, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, high body temperature, sleeplessness, alertness, focus.

Long Term Effects of Stimulants -  Insomnia, paranoia, extreme weight change, addiction.

2. Depressants - Drugs that slow down functions of the central nervous system.

Examples of depressants: alcohol, marijuana, prescription pills.

Short Term Effects of Depressants - Slowed pulse, low blood pressure, lack of co-ordination, confusion, dilated pupils, slurred speech, fatigue.

Long Term Effects of Depressants - Insomnia, anxiety, depression, agitation, difficulty with breathing.

3. Hallucinogens - Drugs that work on the brain to affect the senses, this drug will distort awareness and perception.

Examples of hallucinogens: LSD, ecstasy, marijuana, salvia

Short Term Effects of Hallucinogens -  hallucinations, intensified emotions and sensations, dry mouth, paranoia, nausea, psychosis.

Long Term Effects of Hallucinogens -  anxiety, memory loss, weight loss, depression, flash backs.


Signs of Drug Use

- suspicious objects/paraphernalia                   - depression

- more secretive                                                - dry mouth

- less co-operative                                             - dilated pupils

- changes in behaviour/personality                    -bloodshot eyes

- changes in appearance                                   -increase in cologne/mouthwash/eye drops


Drug Paraphernalia-

-syringes                                                             - pacifiers

-candles, lighters, matches etc.                           -glow sticks

-aluminium foil or gum wrappers                         -lolly pops

-pop can/water bottles                                         -rolling paper, money, cut straws

-burnt and bend metal spoons                             -grinder

-pipes and bongs

 Drug paraphernaliaDrug grinderWater Bottle BongMarijuana PipeFentanylDime bagsCocaineCrack cocaine

Lean drink

*Drug users are very creative in their methods of ingestion, concealment, and packaging. This is not an all inclusive list as each user has learned their own specific techniques.


Top 10 Ways to Be Drug Free

1. Know the consequences

2. Choose your friends carefully

3. Be active! Get involved! Be positive!

4. Find a "drug - free" role model

5. Keep parents informed

6. Get the facts

7. Learn how to say no!

8. Be an individual

9. Be proud of your decision drug - free

10. Learn how to handle stress positively


Drug Education - Resource Links


 Talk about Drugs linkTobacca Free kidsStreet drugs.orgda drugs and addictionKids Health logoCamh webpage linkCanadian Centre on Substance Abuse and Addiction Link



 Community Resources


PAARC logopchs logocamh logoWilliam Osler logoPhan logo


For Drug Education presentation requests (minimum 20 people) please contact 905-453-3311 ext 3569.